Net Zero and Resilience
Similarities and Divergence
Two important contemporary domains in the built environment are “resilience” and “net zero,” both of which are associated with high-performance design and have their origin in the field of ecology. The energy efficiency and performance of buildings are common measuring indices accepted by multiple fields. The ultimate goal of net zero building has become a hot trend, and off-grid building has become the ultimate “high-performance” standard. Another emerging index is to measure and improve the resilience of buildings, capturing performance attributes such as environment, safety, durability, and functionality. Resilience has a broad range of implications in the built environment, such as recovery time during extreme events, emergency supply storage in buildings, off-grid/stand-alone potential, injuries during construction, and selfdeconstruction capability (in order to minimize damage to the surrounding area in extreme events). Each of these categories uses different metrics. This paper provides an overview of research activities on the net zero building movement and the concept of resilience in the building and construction industry over the past 40 years. The purpose of this overview is to determine the main research areas within each domain and gain insight into the size of the different areas; explore how these research areas relate to each other and their intellectual origins; identify the most influential studies and thinkers; and identify potential research gaps. Conclusions are drawn relating to the major difference between the development of the net zero movement and resilience theory in the built environment and their respective relation to their ecological origin.
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